“IOM remains convinced that, where feasible, AVRR is the most desirable form of return given that it takes the individual’s decision into account and allows returnees to prepare for their return while avoiding the stigma of deportation and its negative repercussions. It can also provide a viable and humanitarian response to migrants who are stranded and often destitute.”

IOM’s Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) Programme:

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) is a core activity of IOM that provides vital assistance to tens of thousands of migrants returning home every year. It is a growing area of work as an increasing number of States – both countries of origin and destination – recognize the value of AVRR as an essential component of an effective and humane migration management framework.

AVRR encompasses logistic and financial assistance for the voluntary return and, where possible, reintegration of migrants and their dependents. AVRR is a 3-phase process that includes:

  • Pre-departure assistance and travel preparations;
  • Assistance with the trip home;
  • Post-arrival assistance for the sustainable reintegration of migrants into their communities.

Reintegration assistance

In recent years, growing efforts have been made to improve return policy formulation and make return assistance effective for those in need of such support. Reintegration assistance plays a key role in facilitating sustainable returns for all parties – the migrants, the host countries and origin countries. Key tools for return and reintegration include: the socioeconomic profiling of potential returnees in host countries to assess their needs and motivations, coupled by an assessment of the conditions and prospects in the country of origin to support the migrant’s decision to return; return counselling and return-related information to help with preparations for the migrant’s return and reintegration; and post-return monitoring to ensure the tailored delivery of reintegration assistance in order to provide sustainable return programmes.

Process for AVRR:


About IOM

Established in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners. With 165 member states, a further 8 states holding observer status and offices in over 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to governments and migrants. IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people.

For more information: http://www.iom.int/about-iom

About IOM Egypt

Egypt has been an observer state to IOM since 1974 and became a full-fledged member in 1991 at which time IOM established its mission in Cairo with the purpose of assisting foreign nationals who had been forcefully displaced by the Gulf War to voluntarily repatriate or resettle in third countries. Since entering into Agreement with the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt (GoE) soon thereafter, IOM Egypt has since established excellent working relations with migration-related ministries, as well as UN partners and civil society. Over the last 25 years, IOM has continuously enlarged its engagement in new fields of concern encompassing a wide range of activities in many programmatic areas such as: labour migration and human development; counter-trafficking; technical cooperation on migration management; migration health; emergency and post-crisis migration management; and resettlement.

For more information: http://egypt.iom.int/

AVRR Egypt is composed of our core support teams that work tirelessly to support the return and reintegration of migrants. If you would like to contribute or request more information about this programme, please get in touch with us via , or .